Last modified: 2010-12-28 by rob raeside
Keywords: order of saint maurice and saint lazare | cross | saint lazarus | cross bottony |
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by Dave Martucci, 11 July 1998
Flag of St. Maurice and St. Lazare
by André Serranho, 16 March 1998
Flag of St. Maurice
by Jarig Bakker, 23 December 1998
Seal of St. Lazare
Seems the flag of the Order of Saint Maurice and Saint Lazare.
I know a similar design, but white cross and crossed green
devices (in form of X) behind the centre of the cross.
Jaume Olle', 18 March 1998
The Order of St. Lazarus had been founded in 1119 (or 1151)
first as hospitaliers, but later as a military order. The Order of
St. Maurice was founded in 1434 by Amadeus VIII of Savoy. They
were joined together according to the wishes of Emanuel Philibert
with papal approval issued 16 September 1572. Their task was to
fight against the Turks and Barbary Pirates. Their ships
displayed the flag of Savoy and the combined crosses of the
The red flag displayed the white cross botony of St. Maurice superimposed on the green double-pointed cross of St. Lazarus, displayed in saltire.
At the beginning, the cross of St. Lazarus was larger than the cross of St. Maurice, but later it was the opposite. In the 18th century, both crosses were the same size.
The flag was flown for the first time on the Galleys "Piemontese" and "Margherita" which were refitted after the Battle of Lepanto. It was flown on the foremast of ships of the Kingdom of Sardinia when dressing over all until 1861.
Source: "Flags of Italy Part III: From the County of Savoy to the Kingdom of Italy (1217-1861)" by Aldo Ziggioto [FB Vol. VII No. 3 Summer 1968]
Dave Martucci, 11 July 1998
image by André Serranho
The flag at top was seen in Ancona (Italy) in 1998, This one was seen
in Ancona in 2000.
image by Jarig Bakker, 23 December 1998